2021 wine production and consumption, and trade – Italy first world producer
The world vineyard surface area has seen an increasingly downward trend since 2000. In 2021 it managed to stay in line with the previous year (only a marginal -0.3%) with an estimated 7.3 mha (millions hectares), thus marking a stabilisation since 2017. Spain has the largest vineyard area spreading over 964 thousands of hectares, followed by France (798), both increasing. China comes third, slowing down over the last years. Italy's in the fourth place with a stable 718 kha. Spain, France and Italy alone account for one third of the entire global vineyards. A big player like Turkey has shrinked a remarkable -2.7%, and other countries saw a significant decline in vineyard surface: Argentina (-1.7%), Moldova (-1.4%), South Africa (-2%), Hungary (1.2%).
As to wine production, Italy is still the first in the world with 50.2 millions hectolitres, accounting for a striking 19% of the global wine production. It's followed by its close pals France (37.6 mhl) and Spain (35.3 mhl), and together they make for almost half of the total wine production. Of the three, Italy was the only one recording an increase not only in wine production compared to 2020 (+2%) but also with respect to its last-five-year average (+3%). The global production in 2021 was estimated to be slightly below average for the third year in a row (260 mhl, -1% than in 2020). «China is expected to continue declining, therefore it's no longer in the top 10 producers – said Pau Roca – in the the South Emisphere wine production is expected to hit 59 mhl, a record-high figure (23% globally) as a result of favourable climatic contidions in all major producing countries, except for New Zealand due to late frost in spring».
And global trade couldn't be any better than now, according to OIV report. «2021 was a lucrative year for international wine trade – went on Roca – World wine export increased 4% in volume and 16% in value, recording the highest figures ever in history». Sparklings, including our Prosecco, are definitely the protagonists of this rise, with a +22% in volume and a massive +35% in value. And once again, the European magic trio Italy, Spain and France dominated the scene by exporting 59.9 mhl altogether, thus accounting for 54% of the world wine exports. Though in 2021 Spain overtook narrowly Italy and for just one point went on to become the first world wine exporter with 23 mhl (+14%), Italy comes second with 22.2 mhl and an equally meaningful rise, +7%. The three top the chart as to wine value too, in this case with France overlooking as usual with an outstanding 11.1 billions euros, followed by Italy with 7.1 bn euros. The biggest markets are Germany, the US and the UK: Germany is the world's largest wine importer by volume, followed by the US which is the first by value, with the UK coming third.
Despite the 2020 crisis, the wine world kept its head high. «The sector showed resilience – said Roca – and ability to adapt, with innovative solutions, such as e-commerce. In 2021 in the US the online sale of alcoholic beverages increased by 131% compared to 2019, of which 35% was wine. That clearly states that the sector adapts faster and better to changes». So innovation plays a big part in keeping up with the market's transformation, and companies should take good care of that aspect.
But the supply chain's crisis is currently a trying challenge for any industry globally, including winemakers and wine exporters, as some are struggling even to find glass for wine bottles. And the war in Ukraine is affecting the viti-vinicultural sector in multiple ways: the supply chain for raw materials, the supply of energy (thus sending energy prices skyrocketing) but also the trade. The EU sanctions against Russia of course will badly affect its main wine exporters Italy, France and Spain. «Russia was the 10th largest wine importer in 2021, representing 2% of the global wine import», stated Roca. Last but not least, creeping inflation could affect consumers too, as all the above mentioned issues could finally lead to an increase of wine prices. Though, as Roca said, «the size of its impact is not foreseeable right now, and we'll keep monitoring the situation».
But a new, interesting scenario could open up with non-alcoholic wines, as Roca said they're a «big challenge» while answering a question from the press. «They're difficult to make, a technological practice is needed to produce them. We're not leaving this without providing tools and elements to make good wines. It's an important goal to globalize them». A solution that would encompass all those groups that don't drink alcohol due to religious restrictions, thus gaining brand new consumers all around the world.
Click below to download the PPT presentation!
Mexico will host the OIV's 43rd Congress of Vine and Wine starting in October 31 2022, after two years of pandemic put an halt to any chance of public meeting.
And the organization welcomed a new member: the State of Texas was accepted as a new OIV observer. «We come to the OIV to learn from the best practices and the experiences of great countries of the world of vine and wine. Texas has lots of ideas and initiatives to share with the world», said the deputy commissioner of Agriculture of Texas, Jason Fearneyhough.
The OIV is also moving its headquarters from Paris to Dijon, in France. Its final destination will be the historical Hotel Bouchu d’Esterno, where restoration works are currently underway. Meanwhile, OIV will settle provisionally in the brand new district La Cité de la Gastronomie et du Vin in Dijon.